Bhowali (भवाली) is a town and a municipal board in Nainital (नैनीताल) District in the state of Uttarakhand (उत्तराखण्ड), India. It lies close to Ghorakhal, known for Golu Devta (गोलू देवता) temple and Sainik School Ghorakhal.

Bhowali is located at 29.38°N 79.52°E. It has an average elevation of 1,654 metres (5,426 feet). Bhowali is a gateway to many places in the Kumaon (कुमाऊँ) division like Almora (अल्मोड़ा) and Bageshwar (बागेश्वर) for people coming from the Haldwani (हल्द्वानी) route. Many Lakes neighbor Bhowali like Bhimtal, Sat tal (सातताल), Naukuchiyatal (नौकुचियाताल), Nal Damyanti Tal, Sukha Tal (सूखाताल), and Khurpa Tal (खुरपाताल / खुर्पाताल) . The place is an ideal hill station. It is 1706 meters above sea level and 11 km away from Nainital. This is a road junction serving all the nearby hill stations from Nainital. Bhowali is famous for its scenic grandeur and as a hill fruit mart, Bhowali is also known for its T.B. sanatorium established in 1912.

Situated, 11 km from the city of Nainital, Bhowali is most known for its T.B. sanatorium, established here in 1912, where Kamala Nehru also stayed for a while. It is now an important fruit market for all the neighbouring region, and an important road junction to neighbouring hill stations, like Nainital, Bhimtal, Mukteshwar (मुक्तेश्वर), Ranikhet (रानीखेत) and Almora (अल्मोड़ा).

Bhowali serves as a major hub of export of exotic fruits like apples, peaches, strawberries, plums and apricots.

Also close is the popular shrine, Golu Devta temple at Ghorakhal, which stand on a hill above an Army school, the Sainik School Ghorakhal, established in 1966 in the Ghorakhal Estate of the Nawab of Rampur.

What to eat in Bhowali :
Bhowali houses few dhabas offering delicious food especially North Indian cuisine. Other than that, you will be eating mostly in your hotel or other nearby hill stations.

Nearby Places :
Sattal (5kms), Naukuchiyatal (4kms), Bhimtal (10kms), Ghorakhal Temple (3kms).

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March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Pleasnat
December to Mid March- Cold

Ghorakhal (घोड़ाखाल) is the place situated in the Nainital (नैनीताल) district of the Uttarakhand (उत्तराखंड) state of India. Ghorakhal means pond for water to horses. It is the picturesque site at the height of more than 2000 mts. It is situated near Bhowali and is the seat for Army school, known as Sainik School Ghorakhal, established in 1966 at the Ghorakhal Estate of the Nawab of Rampur. The famous Golu Devta temple is situated on a hill above overlooking the school. Ghorakhal is a small place, which is famous for the temple of Lord Golu worshipped by hill people perched at an altitude of 2000 meters above the sea level.

It falls under Nainital district of Uttarakhand, approximately 15 km away from Nainital the Sarovar Nagri and at a distance of 3 Kms from Bhowali. Ghorakhal literally means ‘a pond for water to horses’. It is a picturesque site, with natural serenity and placidity. One of the famous attractions in Ghorakhal is Golu Devta (गोलू देवता) Temple, always in news for the unique rituals performed here. One such ritual is that devotees make petitions at the temple, using stamp papers, to seek desired decree in litigations. On accomplishment of their wish, the deity is shown gratitude by hanging bells or making animal sacrifice.

The temple is characterized by the large number of bells hanging in the premises. These bells are hung by the devotees as offerings making a wish or in thanksgiving on the fulfillment of one’s wish.

Sacrifices of goats are offered to the deity which was, at one time, a sort-of law court, that decided several pleas received from the distressed people of the region.

People from all over the region consider Golu Devta, the presiding deity of the temple, to be an incarnation of Lord Shiva (शिव) and ‘The God of Justice’.

Sainik School : Sainik School, Ghorakhal is a Sainik School established by the Sainik Schools Society in 1966. It is located in the midst of the serene Beauty of the Great Himalayas at Ghorakhal, 4 Kilometers next to the town of Bhowali, in Nainital district of the state of Uttarakhand, India. The school prepares its students academically, physically and psychologically for efficient handling of whatever awaits them in the outside world at the end of their schooling. Another one of its principle purposes is to impart public school education to its students at affordable expenses, which is fulfilled by dividing the fee structure based solely upon the financial latitude of the student’s guardians along with their own academic performance. For the past five decades, the institute has been credited with providing top servicemen and upstanding citizens to the country.

Along with its 24 sibling institutes scattered across the nation, the school has been termed as one of the principle institutes to march the youth towards a better future. A leading magazine article put the school at 12th place among top twenty boarding schools in India.

Jeolikot (ज्योलीकोट) which is at a height of 1219 m is 19 km away from Katgodam (काठगोदाम). From Jeolikot (ज्योलीकोट) the main road bifurcates, with the left one leading to Naini and the road on the right going on to Almora (अल्मोड़ा) & Ranikhet (रानीखेत). It is a very healthy place.

Jeolikot is situated at an admirable location and it is best suited for delightful family holidays and couples. Popular places of Nainital District like Naini Lake, Mukteshwar (मुक्तेश्वर), Corbett National Park (कॉर्बेट नेशनल पार्क), Ramgarh (रामगढ) can be easily covered from Jeolikot. The village of Jeolikot is calm, secluded and a quaint haven for nature enthusiasts. Another important attraction of the hill station is the bee-keeping centre. It is a place where honeybees are bred and honey is extracted.

A charming, family place gives you wonderful insights into some of the finest elements of Kumaon craftsmanship…The eight acres of land around the cottage are a tangle of fruit bearing trees, seasonal flowers and sweet-scented shrubs

Nearby Places :
Bhimtal, Sattal, Naukuchiyatal, Bhowali, Ghorakhal Temple.

CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Cool
December to Mid March- Cold

Bhimtal (भीमताल) is a town in Nainital (नैनीताल) district in the state of Uttarakhand (उत्तराखण्ड), India situated at an altitude of 1370 meters above sea level and is about 22 kilometers from Nainital. The major attraction in Bhimtal is the Bhimtal Lake which has an island at its centre.

Bhimtal is an ancient place named after Bhima of Mahabharata. Bhimeshwara Mahadev Temple, an old Shiva temple in the bank of Bhimtal lake, is believed to have been built when Bhima visited the place during the banishment (vanvas) period of Pandavas (पाण्डव) .

The major attraction in Bhimtal is the Bhimtal Lake, which has an island at its centre. Besides tourism, Bhimtal has also now become a mini district headquarters since most of the district administration offices have been shifted to the newly constructed Vikas Bhawan, the building complex for district administrative offices. Bhimtal is an ancient place named after Bhima of Mahabharata. Bhimeshwara Mahadev Temple (भीमेश्वर महादेव मंदिर), an old Shiva temple in the bank of Bhimtal lake, is believed to have been built when Bhima visited the place during the banishment (vanvas) period of Pandavas.

Bhimtal is older than nearby Nainital as the city of Nainital is just 150–160 years old. But Bhimtal has been a stoppage for the travellers of the region from hills to plains or vice versa for a long time. The old pedesterial road is still in use here and this road connects nearby Kathgodam to all Kumaun region and even to Nepal and Tibet. It might have been the part of the famous ancient silk route.

As Nainital is renowned hill station of the country and district headquarters also there is not enough space for administrative offices. Government has constructed Vikas Bhawan building in Bhimtal and most of the District Administration offices of Nainital District are shifted in Vikas Bhawan complex. There are many government and private institutions in Bhimtal, including Tasar Regional Research Center (Ministry of Textile, Govt. of India), National Cold Water Fisheries Institute, Jan Sikshan Sansthan, Birla Institute of Applied Sciences (an Institute of Higher Technical Education), Kumoun University Campus (Faculty of Management, Pharmacy & Bio-Technology) and District Institute of Teachers |Education (DITE).

Uttarakhand Graphic Era Parvatiya Vishwavidyalaya (Under the aegis of Graphic Era Educational Society, Dehradun and notified by the Government of Uttarakhand as a private university) started its Kumaun campus in Bhimtal at Sattal Road from the session 2011–12 with B.Tech (in 5 branches of Electronics & Communication, Computer Science, Information Technology, Mechanical and Civil Engineering), MCA and MBA programmes, now known as Bhimtal campus of Graphic Era Hill University.

Government Model School, Bhimtal, is the oldest school in the area, which is running for about 100 years from the British period. Lilawati Pant Inter College (popularly known as LP Inter College)and Government Girls Inter College (earlier Girls High School) are other Government educational institution in Bhimtal.

Sainik School in Ghorakhal near Bhimtal is a school where students prepare themselves to join the Indian Military. The Head of the school is a working officer from the Indian Air Force. In addition to that, Bhimtal has several other English medium schools. Hermann Gmeiner School is well known school at Bhimtal and is situated at Tallital Bhimtal, it is famous for its school and an organisation (SOS Bhimtal). It is a co-educational school from Prep to XII standard with both boarding and day scholars. Mount Alvern Convent School, Lakes International School, Templeton Academy, Naukuchiatal are other schools in the area.

What to DO :
Boating, Paragliding, Hiking.

Nearby Places :
Sattal (5kms), Naukuchiyatal (5kms), Bhowali(10kms), Ghorakhal Temple (15kms).

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CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Pleasnat
December to Mid March- Cold

Haldwani (हल्द्वानी) is a city, which along with its twin township of Kathgodam (काठगोदाम) forms the Haldwani-Kathgodam municipal Corporation (since May 2011) in Nainital (नैनीताल) District in the Indian state of Uttarakhand (उत्तराखंड). Haldwani is the third most populous city in Uttarakhand, and is known as the “Gateway of Kumaon”. In Kumaoni (कुमाउनी) , the local dialect, the place is called “Halduvani”, literally “forest of Haldu”, after the tree named “Haldu”[2], often referred to as “Kadamb” (Haldina cordifolia), which was found in abundance prior to deforestation for agriculture and settlement.

In 1816, after the British defeated Gorkhas, Gardner was appointed the Commissioner of Kumaon. Later George William Trail took over as Commissioner and renamed Halduvani as Haldwani in 1834. Though British records suggest that the place was established in 1834, as a mart for hill people who visited the Bhabhar (Himalayan foothills) region, during the cold season. Mughal historians mention that in the 14th century, a local ruler, Gyan Chand of Chand Dynasty, visited Delhi Sultanate and received the regions of Bhabhar- Terai up to the Ganges as a grant from then Sultan. Later, the Mughals tried to take over the hills, but their attempts received a setback due to the difficult terrain.

In 1856, Sir Henry Ramsay took over as the Commissioner of Kumaon. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, it was briefly seized by the rebels of Rohilkhand, soon martial law was declared in the region by Sir Henry Ramsay, and by 1858, the region was cleared of the rebels. Later, Ramsay connected Nainital with Kathgodam by road in 1882. In 1883–84, the railway track was laid between Bareilly and Kathgodam. The first train arrived at Haldwani from Lucknow on 24 April 1884. Later, the railway line was extended to Kathgodam.

In 1901, with a population of 6,624, Haldwani was the headquarters of the Bhabhar region of Nainital District, in the United Province, and it also used to become the winter headquarters of the officers of the Kumaun Division and of Nainital District. The Arya Samaj Bhavan was built in 1901 and Sanatan Dharm Sabha in 1902. The Tehsil office was opened here in 1899, when it became the tehsil headquarters of the Bhabhar, one of four division of Nainital district,[3] and included 4 towns and 511 villages; and had a combined population of 93,445 (1901), spread over 1,279 sq. miles. Though before the formation of Nainital district in 1891, it was part of the Kumaon District, which was later called Almora district.

In 1904, it was constituted as a ‘notified area’ and in 1907 Haldwani got the status of town area. Gora Padao, 4 km south of Haldwani was named after a British camp/post at that location in the mid-19th century, Gora being a slang for the British. Haldwani-Kathgodam Municipal Council was established on 21 September 1942. Currently it is the third largest Municipal Council in the state of Uttarakhand after Dehradun and Haridwar.

Nearby Places :
Kathgodaml – 8 kms, Jeolikote – 24 kms, Pantnagar – 26 kms.

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CLIMATE
March – April– Pleasant
May – July – Summer
August to September – Monsoon
October to November – Pleasant
December to Mid March- Cold

Mukteshwar (मुक्तेश्वर) is an old settlement developed by the British in 1893. The British founded IVRI, an acronym of Indian Veterinary Research Institute and the place boasted of well equipped research laboratories where great scientist like Alexender Flemming & Lui Pasture had pursued their studies. Mukteshwar (मुक्तेश्वर) was the only other settlement after Nainital to have a road link & electricity during British era. For locals this was the life line as connectivity started form this place and ended over here, therefore, this was a vibrant economic hub after Nainital during yester years. Now with the advent of better road communication to the nearby villages the place has lost its charm as economic centre, but its pure and unadulterated atmosphere has seen a resurgence in people visiting the place during summers and enjoying the snow fall during winters. The place still gives a glimpse of old British era. The other places of Interest in and around Mukteshwar are

Another one of Uttaranchal’s beautiful hill stations, Mukteshwar deriving its name from Lord Shiva is complete with fruit orchards, coniferous forests and rolling meadows at a height of 7500 ft. The Indian Veterinary Research Institute campus established in 1893 is located here. You will find the little cottages and homes in Mukteshwar built in quaint Colonial style. Jim Corbett penned the novel “The Man Eaters of Kumaon” here. Mukteshwar allows a breath-taking view of Nanda Devi Peak. The Mukteshwar Temple and Chauli ka Jali are other popular destinations. There is also a Renewable Park developed by The Energy and Resources Institute generating solar electricity for most of its electricity needs.

What to DO : Bird watching, Paragliding, Hiking.

Nearby Places : Nainital (25kms), Almora (18kms), Ranikhet (36kms), Bhimtal (19kms).

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CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Pleasnat
December to Mid March- Cold

Ringed by the seven hills Nainital (नैनीताल) lies the enchanting and sacred Naini (नैनी) lake . Named after the legend proclaiming that the left eye of Parvati, consort of the Lord Shiva fell here, this is where the Naina Devi Temple now stands. Nainital is also mentioned in the ‘Manas Khand’ as Tri-rishi Sarovar. According to this gatha, three sages, Atri, Pulastya and Pulaha, chanced upon this place while on pilgrimage and feeling thirsty, summoned the waters of the Mansarovar Lake. Today Nainital still retains its religious significance, but has also become a treasured holiday destination for people from around the world.

It is believed that the Naini Lake is one of the 64 Shakti Peeths, or religious sites where parts of the charred body of Sati (Parvati) fell on earth while being carried by Lord Shiva. The spot where Sati’s eyes (or Nain) fell, came to be called Nain-tal or lake of the eye. The goddess Shakti is worshiped at the Naina Devi Temple on the north shore of the present day lake.

In the latter half of the 19th century a number of “European” schools for boys and girls were founded in Nainital. During the Victorian and Edwardian eras, students in these schools consisted largely of children of British colonial officials or soldiers. The Diocesan Girls’ High School, now known as All Saints’ College, was established in 1869, near where the High Court of Uttarakhand stands today. By 1906, there were over half a dozen such schools,[8] including the Diocesan Boys’ School (later renamed Sherwood College) and the Philander Smith’s college (later renamed Halett War School, currently Birla Vidya Mandir).

St. Joseph’s College, Nainital, a day-boarding and residential school built by Irish brothers[citation needed] in 1888, celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2013. St. Joseph’s College is popularly known as SEM. Another school was St. Mary’s Convent, popularly known as Ramnee, in 1878.

What to DO : Boating, Horse Riding, Rope-way Riding, Hiking.

Nearby Places : Pangot(4kms), Khurpatal(14kms), Sattal(17km), Khurpatal(26kms), Bhowali(10kms).

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CLIMATE March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Cool
December to Mid March- Cold

Kathgodam (काठगोदाम) is a town in the Nainital (नैनीताल) district of Uttarakhand (उत्तराखण्ड) state of India (भारत). It is part of the twin township of Haldwani-Kathgodam, and is immediately north of Haldwani (हल्द्वानी). Literally meaning timber depot, Kathgodam (काठगोदाम) was a small village in 1901 with a population of 375, though its importance grew rapidly after the railway line was extended here in late 19th century, after it reached Haldwani in 1884. It was previously called ‘Chauhan Patta’ as it is still recorded in the land records. The advent of the residence of Dan Singh Bist nearby in Beer Bhatti, Jeolikote, and his setting up his major timber depot as the ‘Timber King of India’ as Chauhan Patta, led to it being called ‘Kathgodam’. Similarly, Beer Bhatti is called thus as it was previously an area where the British India Corporation Limited pursued a Beer Brewery until 1924 when Dan Singh Bist purchased it from them via deed registered at Nainital.

Today, it is the last station on its Indian Railways line; from this point, one must travel by automobile to the Kumaon region of the Himalayan Mountains. From Kathgodam, mountain roads lead to tourist destinations like Nainital, Bhimtal, Sattal, Mukteshwar, Ranikhet, Naukuchiyatal and Almora.

Situated close to Kathgodam are beautiful temples called ‘Sheetla devi’ and ‘Kalichaud’ which attract large numbers of devotees from the surrounding region during festivals. Kathgodam also leads a way to one of the beautiful ashram called as Hairakhan. There is a beautiful dam which is built on the Gola River. Schools include the Maharishi school, Nirmala Convent High School,St. Theresa School, St. Paul’s Senior Secondary School, Naini Valley School and Inspiration School (these arranged in the manner from katghodam to haldwani).

College include Kumaun Institute of Information Technology is located at Nainital road, Kathgodam: Pahal Institution for capasity building also running close to railway station, Kathgodam a convenient and prominent area of Kumaun hills on National Highway – 87, 1/2 km from Kathgodam railway station & 4 km from Haldwani

Nearby Places : Nainital, Sattal , Naukuchiyatal , Bhowali, Ghorakhal Temple.

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CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant July to September – Monsoon October to November – Pleasnat December to Mid March- Cold

Pangot (पनगोट) is located about 15 kilometers from Nainital (नैनीताल), which is a popular hill station. The drive to here passes through the forested area of Cheena Peak Range via Snow View Point and Kilbury, which are excellent birding spots.

The main attraction of Pangot (पंगोट) are its birds; around 580 bird species have been recorded in this area. One can see a variety of Himalayan species along the way such as lammergeier, Himalayan griffon, blue-winged minla, spotted & slaty-backed forktail, rufous-bellied woodpecker, rufous-bellied niltava, khalij pheasant, variety of thrushes etc. Almost 150 bird species have been recorded at Pangot and the surrounding areas. The numerous perennial & seasonal creeks are home to a variety of flora and fauna including leopards, yellow-throated Himalayan martens, Himalayan palm civets, ghorals, barking deer and sambhar.

Nearby Places :
Sattal, Naukuchiyatal, Bhowali, Ghorakhal Temple.

CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Cool
December to Mid March- Cold

Pawalgarh (पवलगढ़) is located in the tarai-bhabhar forests of Ramnagar (रामनगर) Forest Division. It encompasses an area of 49.41 square kilometres.The region is drained by the Kosi and Dabka rivers, while the Baur river flows to the east. There is scant agriculture and habitation in the area. The habitat of Pawalgarh (पवलगढ़) consists of a combination of hills and plains, with a mixed habitat comprising of moist and dry Sal and mixed forests, terai grasslands and riverine forest. This varied ecosystem hosts a rich diversity of flora and fauna, including tiger, elephant and over 350 species of birds, including the iconic Great Slaty Woodpecker. Chhoi, Kyari, Sherpur, Sonjala, Pawalgarh, Mankantpur and Sherpur are some of the villages surrounding Pawalgarh (पवलगढ़) Conservation Reserve.

Nearby Places :
Corbett, Khurpatal, Naukuchiyatal, Bhowali, Ghorakhal Temple.

CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Pleasnat
December to Mid March- Cold

Sariatal (सडीयाताल) is an artifical lake 8 km from Nainital,the natural spring water is used for irrigation and drinking by the local residents of Khurpatal (खुरपाताल) village and nearby places.

Sariatal (सड़ीयाताल) village is located in Nainital Tehsil of Nainital district in Uttarakhand, India. Nainital is nearest town to Sariatal village.

Nearby Places : Khurpatal, Sattal, Naukuchiyatal, Bhowali, Ghorakhal Temple.

CLIMATE
March to June – Pleasant
July to September – Monsoon
October to November – Pleasnat
December to Mid March- Cold